It is a cliché universally acknowledged that we (where “we” means, variously, the Twitter generation, the Millennial generation, participants in the Network Society) no longer read, or if we do read, we read poorly, with insufficient attention and affect. Reading, by which is meant literary reading, is said to be a “lost art” and certainly “at risk.” We multitask and thus cannot sustain the kind of focus and attention required for a long, complex narrative. Our primary source of information, education, and entertainment is the screen. The evidence for these claims is often anecdotal but at times calculated: our daily information consumption in print is .6 hours (UC San Diego); there has been a 10% decline in literary reading and a 28% decline in the 18-24 age group (NEA), etc. The task for our seminar will be to consider a set of large but pressing questions that both emerge from and engage this general account of technological transformation: What are the different modes of reading and what is their relationship to different media environments? How do contemporary works of print and electronic literature both reflect and anticipate different modes of reading? What is the place of “close reading” – still the most important basic skill taught to English majors – in a complex media ecology that encourages skimming, browsing and watching? How can we meaningfully situate our own reading practices within that same media ecology? Is all reading now distracted reading and, if so, can we still speak of rigor? With Henry James at one pole and Talan Memmott’s Lexia to Perplexia) at another, we will be reading a range of literary texts that help us to think through these questions. We will also consider a sample of creative works produced for the iPad and other mobile devices. Along the way, we will review the debates about attention, the futures of the book, and the effects search algorithms have had on both cognitive habits and knowledge production.
Professor Rita Raley
Department of English
University of California, Santa Barbara
raley at english dot ucsb dot edu
Office: South Hall 2703
Office hours (S15): Wednesdays, 11:30-12:45, and by appointment